Wheeler makes clear his opinion that IBM did not lose the CIA cloud deal because of pricing and contract issues, but "because of the overall inferiority of its proposal."
For example, IBM didn't show that its auto-scaling capabilities could meet the CIA's requirements, Wheeler said in the ruling.
"Even if IBM's arguments regarding the price evaluation and modified solicitation requirement were persuasive, it remains implausible that there would be any effect on the outcome of the procurement. AWS's offer was superior, and the outcome of the competition was not even close," Wheeler said in the document.
"AWS's offer was superior in virtually every way but price, and IBM's advantage in that area was likely not as great as IBM attempted to make it appear," Wheeler said ruling.